The Ombudsperson generally is not involved in the substance of formal appeal procedures, but may make inquiries about alleged irregularities in the proceedings. The Ombudsperson may decline a case when judging intervention inappropriate. The Office of the Ombudsperson is independent of the University disciplinary process. The Ombudsperson may choose, but is not required, to take up conflicts with individuals, companies, or organizations falling outside the jurisdiction of The University of Iowa when the issues involve the University. However, the Ombudsperson may have limited ability to help in these cases.