Chapter 16 – Minors on Campus
The purpose of this policy is to promote the well-being and security of minors entrusted to the University’s care during their participation in University Youth Programs on campus. This policy is intended to ensure a safe, inviting, and productive environment in which all members of the University community can meet their needs and achieve their goals within the primary mission of the University.
“University Youth Programs”: all programs and activities offered on campus by student organizations or various academic, athletic, or administrative units of the University for participants under the age of 18, including, but not limited to, the hosting of an individual minor by an individual faculty or staff member, subject to the exclusions detailed below in II-16.3.
“Adult”: an individual 18 years of age or older.
“Authorized adult”: an individual age 18 or older, paid or unpaid, who interacts with, supervises, chaperones, or otherwise oversees minors in program activities or in recreational and/or residential facilities on behalf of The University of Iowa. This includes, but is not limited to, parents, guardians, faculty, staff, volunteers, graduate and undergraduate students, interns, employees of temporary employment agencies, and independent contractors/consultants. The authorized adults’ roles may include positions such as counselors, chaperones, coaches, and instructors.
“Direct contact”: interacting with, supervising, chaperoning, or otherwise overseeing minors in program activities or in recreational and/or residential facilities on behalf of The University of Iowa.
“Minor”: an individual under 18 years of age, subject to the exclusions detailed below in II-16.3.
“Research laboratory”: a University facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and/or measurement may be performed.
“Visitor”: an individual, regardless of age, in a University facility as defined in III-32 Visitors in the Workplace.
“Volunteer”: an individual, regardless of age, who provides services to, or on behalf of, the University and has no legal duty to do so, has no personal interest or gain from the activity, and receives no compensation or consideration (except expense reimbursement) for the services provided.
This policy applies to all University Youth Programs with the exceptions of the following minors:
- Minors who are visitors in the workplace (see III-32);
- Minors working for the University as employees;
- Minors enrolled at the University;
- Minors admitted for enrollment at the University;
- Minors attending events on campus or events sponsored by the University that are open to the general public;
- Minors on school/organization trips accompanied throughout the trip by an adult chaperone for their school/organization;
- Minors attending official admission events hosted by the University Admissions Office, such as Hawkeye Visit Days;
- Minors participating in pre-enrollment visitation or recruiting activities governed by NCAA or US Department of Health and Human Services regulations; and
- Minors receiving medical care or treatment at The University of Iowa.
All University Youth Programs must complete the following registration and approval requirements prior to hosting minors, unless the program qualifies for the alternate approval process as defined herein (see II-16.5 below):
The following University Youth Programs have an alternate approval process:
- Research studies involving minors participating as research subjects which are approved by the University’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) shall follow the IRB-defined registration and approval process.
- Research laboratories with minor volunteers, and other areas where minors are conducting research, under the direct supervision of a faculty or staff member shall follow the written guidelines approved by the college or unit, the Office of the Vice President for Research and Economic Development, the Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost, and the Department of Risk Management, Insurance, and Loss Prevention.
The following criminal background screening requirements apply to students, faculty, staff, and volunteers who are anticipated to have direct contact with minors in the course of their University activities.
- Criteria and process for determining who must be screened.
- Anyone, including but not limited to graduate/undergraduate student assistants, faculty, staff, volunteers, and consultants or contractors, who in the course of their University Youth Program duties or assigned responsibilities will or may have direct contact with minors is subject to criminal background screenings regardless of the supervision structure in place.
- Colleges/departments/units and/or programs are responsible for determining who meets the criminal background check criteria. Each individual who meets the defined criteria should be evaluated for eligibility by the appropriate dean, senior HR leadership representative, and direct supervisor, in consultation with University Human Resources, Office of the General Counsel, and/or Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost when necessary.
- The senior HR leadership representative in each college or division shall use the designated University vendor to verify social security number and conduct a criminal background check for all University students, faculty, staff, and volunteers in compliance with the procedures set forth in III-9.3 Criminal Background Check at Point of Hire. As appropriate in individual instances, an alternate designated by the vice president or dean or, in the case of faculty, the Associate Provost for Faculty, may conduct the check.
- In the case of consultants or contractors, the criminal background check requirements shall be included in the contractual agreement between the University and the consultant or contractor.
- Timing/frequency. Screening must be done as follows:
- Initial screening:
- New employees at the point of hire.
- Returning/seasonal employees upon rehire.
- Consultants/contractors prior to commencing any project.
- Current employees:
- All current employees determined to be subject to background screening will undergo a criminal background check and be required to complete a self-disclosure form upon implementation of this policy, unless an equivalent screening has taken place within the past year.
- Internal job transfers or any change of duties that adds activities with direct contact with minors, prior to commencing those duties.
- All current employees determined to be subject to background screening will undergo a criminal background check at least every five years utilizing the designated University vendor.
- A criminal background check will be conducted upon self-disclosure of criminal activity as discussed below in II-16.7.
- The University reserves the right to conduct background checks of current employees when it has reasonable grounds to do so (e.g., no recent check was performed, a workplace incident has occurred, upon self-disclosure of criminal activity, or upon the University being informed of such activity).
- Initial screening:
- Notice and authorization.
- Consistent with III-9.2 and III-9.3, job candidates are informed during the interview stage that employment at the University is contingent upon the successful completion of a background check and a check of their credentials. University students, faculty, staff, and volunteers are notified at the time they become subject to this policy’s background check requirements according to the criteria stated herein.
- In accordance with federal law, the University must secure a signed authorization which permits the University to obtain background check results from a third-party reporting agency. Such authorization shall remain in effect for the duration of an individual’s employment with the University, unless or until employment duties no longer include contact with minors.
- Self-disclosure form. Current University students, faculty, staff, and volunteers must complete a self-disclosure form at the time they are notified of background screening eligibility as defined above in II-16.6.
- Ongoing self-disclosure requirement. Anyone whose work or volunteer duties/responsibilities as part of a University Youth Program puts them in direct contact with minors must notify the unit’s/department’s senior HR leadership representative within 72 hours of any arrest or conviction of a serious misdemeanor or felony and/or any arrest or conviction that has or may have a nexus to their University activities involving minors.
- All University Youth Program staff whose job duties bring them into direct contact with minors must complete “Working with Minors” training at the time of hire and thereafter at least once every three years. This includes temporary/short-term program staff and volunteers.
- University Youth Program staff orientation must include discussions of the implications of these rules/guidelines specific to the operations of their program.
All University employees who in the course of employment receive information related to physical or sexual abuse of minors must immediately report such information in accordance with II-15 Physical and Sexual Abuse of Children.
Violations of this policy may result in disciplinary action for a volunteer, employee, or college/unit/organization, up to and including probation, suspension, and/or termination of employment/volunteer duties, reassignment of duties to prohibit interaction with minors, or dissolution of any program involving minors.
An administrative committee has been formed to monitor and provide guidance on the application of this policy to new and existing University Youth Programs; to create operational procedures related to the registration, approval, and appeals processes for University Youth Programs; and to provide timely reviews of this policy in accordance with the requirements of this University of Iowa Operations Manual.